22nd January 2014
Leasehold properties, homes build since 2009, rental properties, council homes and properties housing SMEs are all to be excluded from the Government proposals for affordable flood insurance under current plans.
An alliance of property industry leaders and mortgage lenders have issued a stark warning that millions of people could be excluded from affordable flood insurance.
The alliance of organisations has called for urgent amendments to the Water Bill, after it emerged that a significant number of properties that had been expected to be included within Flood Re, would instead be excluded.
As currently defined, Flood Re will exclude most buildings cover for:
The entire private rented sector
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
Housing association homes
New-build homes constructed after January 2009
Properties in council tax band H.
With almost 5 million leasehold properties thought to be in England and Wales, and over 4 million homes in the private rented sector, this means that many millions of properties are likely to be excluded, rather than the widely-cited estimate of 9,000 homes (see notes).
The rationale cited for the exclusions is that buildings insurance on such properties is deemed by the insurance industry to be “non-domestic”, rather than domestic argues the group. They say this is a distinction that only the insurance industry would perceive: the man-in-the street would undoubtedly regard leasehold flats as being residential/domestic.
Leasehold property such as flats, however, has to be insured on a block basis to ensure the whole building is insured.
The alliance also argues that while some residential rented property will be insured by big organisations, the vast majority in the private rented sector is owned by individual landlords with one or two properties.
The group says that preventing landlords from being able to access affordable flood insurance will put significant strain on tenants whose homes are flooded and cause wider social harm to communities.
Speaking ahead of the second reading of the Water Bill in the House of Lords on 27th January, the British Property Federation and the Council of Mortgage Lenders are urging the government to reconsider its plans, which will negatively impact a huge proportion of households and the industry.
Ian Fletcher, Director of Policy at the British Property Federation, said: “Every property that is occupied is somebody’s home. Flood doesn’t discriminate between freehold and leasehold, owner-occupation and renting, and it will be small comfort for tenants who have contents cover if their home itself is left uninhabitable. If a property is at risk, regardless of its status, it needs to be able to insure itself affordably against disaster, not least because that is a condition of most mortgages.”
“Universality of flood cover is something that the citizens of the UK cherish and should not be given away so easily in this deal. Increased surface water flooding means you don’t need to live next to the sea or a river to be impacted by flood these days, it can happen to most of us. Depriving leasehold property owners, including millions of owner-occupiers, access to Flood Re is frankly unbelievable. There are many small leasehold blocks run by leaseholders who simply won’t be able to fight their corner in the insurance market and need to have access to Flood Re. Also at a time when Government is taking so many positive steps to encourage investment in the private rented sector and promote responsibility in the sector, it seems extremely contradictory to exclude these properties from possible essential flood cover.”
Paul Smee, Director General of the CML, added: “We find it difficult to believe that the original policy intention was to exclude a whole swathe of residential property from the stated aim of ensuring that affordable flood insurance continued to be available across the market. Given that this appears to be an unintended consequence, we strongly urge legislators and the insurance industry to reconsider the proposals and ensure flood cover remains available on homes as people would expect.”
Michelle Banks, Chief Executive of the Association of Residential Managing Agents (ARMA), whose members manage around half of all leasehold blocks in England and Wales, said: “People need to be sure that they can continue to get affordable flood insurance. By excluding blocks of flats from Flood Re, a large number of homeowners, particularly those in areas prone to flooding, could be put at risk of being unable to obtain affordable insurance for their properties. This could also affect the saleability of their homes. Surely that is not the intention of a government committed to increasing housing supply and promoting home ownership?”
Richard Jones, Policy Director of the Residential Landlords Association, said: “We are very concerned about this discrimination against the private-rented sector. It will particularly hit smaller landlords, some of whom could well consider their future in the sector as a result. This comes at a time when private landlords are increasingly called on to provide the accommodation necessary to the nation’s housing needs. This will also hit very badly any tenants who are flooded and would pose problems for local authorities who might have to rehouse some residents affected by flooding and who could be faced with areas of property blight because landlords cannot obtain insurance cover.”
Flood Re is intended to replace the ‘Statement of Principles’, under which insurers offered affordable flood coverage to the vast majority of households in return for Government maintaining its spending on flood defences, which was felt to be untenable.